THE GLOBAL GRAPHITE MARKET

World production, trade and emerging markets

The global production of graphite was over 1.01 Mt in 2012. On the word stage of production, China is by far the largest producer of amorphous graphite and flake graphite, while Sri Lanka is the only producer of vein graphite. The other graphite producing countries are, in order: North Korea, Brazil, Canada, India, Russia, Mexico, Ukraine and Norway.

Trade among countries follows a consistent trend with China exporting large volumes to the European, Japanese and American markets where almos no natural graphite is produced. The countries of the European Union, having already exhausted most of their graphite resources, depend on the supply of producing countries such as China. This has led to the inclusion of graphite in the list of critical elements for European industry.

The United States is supplied by brazil, mexico and canada. Canada exports most of its production to the european marketS.

Current production fills a growing demand of 5 to 7% per year. Global demand is expected to double by 2020 with the advent of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles, for the storage of electricity harvested by solar panels, ball-bed nuclear reactors, as well as computer equiment and cell phones.

tesla MOTORS INC. will demand more than 100 000 tonNEs of graphite per year once its nevada factory is built and operational.

– Éric Desaulniers, Nouveau Monde Graphite President and CEO

GRAPHITE PRICE (MAY 2017)

It is noted that the Li-ion battery market has a significant impact on the price of graphite since September 2017.

Concentrated graphite falkes / Crude spherical graphite

AMERICAN MARKET OPPORTUNITIES TO SUPPLY THE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY GIGA-FACTORIES UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Natural graphite demand is estimated in 530 000 tonnes per year until the year 2023.

In the summer 2014, the construction of a battery plant in Nevada by US electric vehicle manufacturer Tesla Motor inc. raised the expectations of many graphite project developpers in Canada. In May 2015, Asbury Carbons announced the construction of a value-added graphite manufacturing plant in North Carolina. These announcements could indicate an increased interest of American industrialist for this substance during the next decade.

IF THEY WANT TO BE SUPPLIED AS LOCALLY AS POSSIBLE FROM the greenest supplier with the lowest environmental footprint, they will choose a project like ours which i hope will be carbon neutral thanks to our hydroelectricity

– Éric Desaulniers, Nouveau Monde Graphite President and CEO

QUEBEC’S GRAPHITE

Prospects for exporting a local ressource

While consolidating the current market, the development of the graphite industry in Quebec could support the growth of industries linked to the manufacture of electric batteries and electrode components for computer equipment and cell phones. Graphite could become an input for the electrification of transport. Specifically, the production of electric batteries requires graphite and lithium. In addition, the electric battery production industry matches well with that of solar pannels since batteries are needed to store electricity harvested from solar energy.

Graphite mining in Quebec began in the Outaouais and Laurentides regions in 1845. The development of the graphite industry in Quebec, beyond the mere possession of this ressource on its territory, feeds the upward linked industries that reap advantages and benefits, creating significant added value that can stimulate our economy.

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CORPORATE PRESENTATION

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